You can do some limited work while claiming Employment and Support Allowance. There are rules about what work you can do and how many hours you can work. You may have to pay Income Tax on your earnings.
About Permitted Work
Generally, you are not allowed to work while you are getting Employment and Support Allowance because of an illness or disability.
You may be able to do some types of work and within certain limits. This is called ‘Permitted Work’ and it allows you to test your own capacity for doing some work and perhaps gain new skills.
Although you do not need permission to do Permitted Work, you must check that the work you want to do is allowed under the Permitted Work rules. You should discuss this with your personal adviser.
You do not need approval from your doctor or have to have a medical assessment just because you are doing Permitted Work. If a medical assessment is due as part of your ongoing benefits-related review, it will go ahead as planned.
Permitted Work is a benefit arrangement – employers do not offer ‘permitted work’.
The Permitted Work rules
Under the Permitted Work rules you can:
- work for less than 16 hours a week on average, with earnings up to 97.50 a week for 52 weeks
- work for less than 16 hours a week, on average, with earnings up to 97.50 a week if you are in the Support Group of the main phase of Employment and Support Allowance
- work and earn up to 20 a week, at any time, for as long as you are receiving Employment and Support Allowance
- do Supported Permitted Work and earn up to 97.50 a week for as long as you are receiving Employment and Support Allowance, provided you continue to satisfy the Supported Permitted Work criteria
Supported Permitted Work means work that is supervised by someone who is employed by a public or localcouncil or a voluntary organisation, and whose job it is to arrange work for disabled people. This could be work done in the community or in a sheltered workshop. It also includes work as part of a hospital treatment programme.
If you start Permitted Work, you may have to pay tax on your extra income. You must notify HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) as soon as you start work.
Effect on other benefits
If you get Housing Benefit or Council Tax Benefit and you do Permitted Work, any earnings over 20 may be taken into account when assessing these benefits.
Your personal adviser can give you more information about Permitted Work.
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