Your vehicle must have a SORN (Statutory Off Road Notification) in force and be kept off-road if its not taxed and insured. You will face enforcement action if you have not made a SORN.
Please be aware if you buy a vehicle and it is not going to be used on public roads you must apply for a SORN immediately. If you do not have a SORN then the vehicle must be taxed and insured otherwise you may be liable for a penalty.
When SORN is needed
SORN applies to all tax classes including those where no duty is payable, such as historic and disabled tax classes.
You must make a SORN if one of the following applies:
- if you dont renew your vehicle tax and you are keeping the vehicle off the road
- if you are applying for a refund of vehicle tax and keeping the vehicle off the road
- if you buy an untaxed vehicle and do not tax it
- if the vehicle has no valid insurance in place
- if you are cancelling the insurance and keeping the vehicle off the road
- every 12 months if you continue to keep your vehicle off the road
- in advance if your vehicle is to be kept off the road in the UK when you areabroad
You can make a SORN from the fifth day of the month in which the current tax disc or SORN is due to expire. SORN cannot be backdated.
Your SORN is valid for 12 months, unless you tax, sell, permanently export or scrap (via an authorisedtreatment facility) the vehicle before this period has ended. You should be sent a V11 reminder to let you know that your SORN is about to expire, which you can then use to renew your SORN or re-tax your vehicle.
When SORN isn’t needed
SORN isnt needed if:
- you no longer have the vehicle and DVLA has been informed
- you take the vehicle abroad permanently
- you apply for a refund of vehicle tax and dont keep the vehicle
- you are keeping the vehicle off the road and untaxed for less than 14 days
- your vehicle was last taxed before 31 January 1998
Vehicle insurance law
The new vehicle insurance law means the registered keeper of a vehicle must keep it taxed and insured while using it on the road.
You must declare SORN if your vehicle is:
- not taxed and off the road
- not insured and off the road
- taxed and uninsured – you must insure your vehicle or make a refund application with a SORN declaration to DVLA
If you’re not insured and haven’t made a SORN, you could face a penalty.
If you have a vehicle that is taxed and not insured which you will be keeping off road you need to return the tax disc. You can do this on a V14 (including nil value discs) and declare SORN at the same time.
Check when your SORN expires
Check the date your SORN expires by checking online using the vehicle enquiry service. Just enter the make and registration number of your vehicle.
Driving to an MOT test when a SORN is in place
You can drive your vehicle to and from a pre-arranged test at an MOT test station provided you have adequate insurance cover in place for that vehicle.
Registered keeper is deceased
The person responsible for the deceased persons affairs can make a SORN if the vehicle is being taken off the road.
Using or keeping a vehicle on a public road
A public road is a road maintained at the public expense, including grass verges and ground adjoining the road. Contact your local authority if you have any doubt about an area where you want to park your vehicle. All vehicles that are used or kept on a public road must be taxed and must display a valid tax disc at all times.
Change of address
The DVLA doesn’t need an address for SORN purposes. However, make sure your registration certificate (V5C) is up to date to ensure you receive a reminder when your SORN is about to expire.
Vehicle abroad on a temporary basis
If you are taking your vehicle abroad temporarily, you must ensure that your vehicle is taxed for the whole duration you are away, as you can not make a SORN if your vehicle is outside the United Kingdom.